NEW JERSEY / PARAMUS SKIN CANCER TREATMENT
A growing number of people are diagnosed with skin cancer every year. In fact, there are more new cases of skin cancer than the combined cases of breast, prostate, lung and colon cancer. Fortunately, it can be treated very effectively if it is discovered at an early stage.
Dr. Zubowski and Dr. Gandolfi offer a comprehensive array of leading-edge skin cancer treatments that combine various surgical excision methods with advanced plastic surgery techniques in order to minimize scars, and improve the appearance of the skin. In addition, they are highly skilled at repairing aesthetic damage left after previous skin cancer surgeries.
SKIN CANCER: ARE YOU AT RISK?
Contrary to popular belief, anyone can get skin cancer. However, you should be especially careful if you have fair skin, blonde or red hair, light colored eyes, or work outdoors without adequate skin protection. Inspect your skin regularly and see a doctor if you notice any changes in moles or skin pigmentation.
TYPES OF SKIN CANCER
Skin cancer can present itself in many varieties, shapes and colors, which can make diagnosing it very difficult. An early and accurate diagnosis is important in selecting an appropriate treatment. Some of the more common types of skin cancer include:
- Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer. It can be treated very successfully and usually doesn’t affect any tissues or organs besides a small area of the skin. Caused by repeated sun exposure and the use of tanning beds, this type of cancer usually occurs on the exposed areas of the head and body –face, ears, neck, scalp, shoulders and upper back. It can be diagnosed late because of its varied appearance – it can present itself as an open, oozing sore, a red patch on the face or body, a shiny bump, an elevated pink growth, or a scar-like area.
- Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common skin cancer type, and also tends to affect the face, ears, neck, arms, upper body and frequently the lower lip. It has a very distinctive appearance, and usually manifests itself as rough, scaly patches that are prone to bleeding. The patches can be raised, range in size from 1mm to 1in in diameter, and are usually red or brown in color. The diagnosis and treatment of squamous cell carcinoma is similar to that of basal cell carcinoma.
- Melanoma is relatively rare, but its mortality rate is the highest among all types of skin cancer. If diagnosed early, melanoma can be successfully treated in 99% of cases. However, if diagnosed at an advanced stage, the survival rate falls to 15%. Melanoma typically presents itself as an asymmetrical, multi-colored spot. A telltale sign is an increase in size of this spot over time.
- Atypical moles are not cancerous, but should be monitored closely because they could turn into cancer. These moles are irregular because of their color, shape, size (larger than 6mm) or location (areas of the body that aren’t normally exposed to sun like the buttocks or under the breasts).
SKIN CANCER TREATMENTS
Skin cancer treatment depends on a variety of factors, including: the type of cancer, the stage of the disease, the location of the tumorous growth, your age and overall health. During an in-depth consultation, your dermatologist and Dr. Zubowski or Dr. Gandolfi will determine the best treatment for you.
Some common skin cancer therapies include:
MOHS MICROGRAPHIC SURGERY
During this procedure, the skin cancer is removed layer by layer. Each layer is immediately inspected under a microscope to determine whether any cancerous cells are present. If so, another layer of tissue is removed, until the microscope confirms that the skin is cancer-free. Mohs micrographic surgery helps preserve the maximum amount of healthy tissue and is highly effective in completely removing any cancerous growths.
During this surgery, a special surgical instrument is used to remove the cancerous cells together with a thin layer of the surrounding tissue. The sample is then sent to the laboratory where it is thoroughly inspected to confirm that all of the cancerous cells have been removed.
This procedure is performed under local anesthesia. Dr. Zubowski or Dr. Gandolfi will remove the cancerous cells and apply an electrodesiccation device to destroy any residual cancer cells and stop bleeding. Depending on the extent of cancerous growths, this procedure can be repeated several times to ensure that all of the malignant growths are removed.
During this procedure, Dr. Zubowski or Dr. Gandolfi will use liquid nitrogen to cause the cancerous growths to dry and fall off without the need for incisions or stitches.
During this procedure, Dr. Zubowski or Dr. Gandolfi will use a specialized laser that delivers a unique frequency of energy and destroys the cancer cells without incisions, stitches or any downtime.
During this treatment for basal cell carcinomas, Dr. Zubowski or Dr. Gandolfi will apply a special topical medicine followed by a strong light to destroy the cancerous growth without any surgical intervention.
AVOIDING SKIN CANCER
Even if you have spent many years in the sun, it is never too late to change your habits and protect your skin. Here are some ways to minimize your risk of skin cancer:
- Avoid tanning beds and prolonged sun exposure, especially between 10am and 4pm.
- Always use SPF on the face and all exposed body areas
- Wear protective, tight-knit, brightly colored clothing
- Regularly inspect your skin for any unusual marks or changes
- See a doctor immediately if you notice suspicious marks on your skin
If you would like to discuss skin cancer treatments or cosmetic surgery procedures to improve the appearance of your skin after skin cancer removal, schedule a consultation today. Dr. Zubowski or Dr. Gandolfi will work with your dermatologist and skin cancer specialist to provide a comprehensive treatment that will remove any cancerous growths and improve the aesthetics of your skin.